We know that everyone is unique in their own way & what makes you more unique is your skin. As we get older and begin to mature our bodies begin to change as well as our skin. Your skin is the biggest organ on your body & depending on whether bit is oily, acne-probe, dry, normal, combination and sensitive skin, it is important to know how to care for it.
Which is why understanding your skin type is the first step in to looking your best. But how do you know what your skin type is? The answer can be found through simple observation.
Common Characteristics of Skin Types
If descriptions of the different skin types didn't help you come to a conclusion, there are tests you can perform at home to help you determine what type of skin you have.
How to Tell: You experience little to no breakouts. Your skin tends to not to react negatively to new products or weather changes. You don’t need to constantly moisturize or blot oil from your face. Your skin is firm, with minimal fine lines and wrinkles.
Skin Care Tips: With normal skin, you rarely experience sensitivity, dryness or oiliness. Your skin can tolerate most ingredients without being stripped of oil or having excess oil.
Normal is balanced—feeling neither dry nor oily. You are not prone to breakouts, dryness, flakiness, or feeling tight. The pores are generally small and your skin's texture is smooth.
How to Tell: Your skin always appears to be glowing. You’re find yourself likely blotting your face through the day. You might find that makeup and skin care products don’t always stay or move on the surface of your skin.
Skin Care Tips: With oily skin, shine control is a top priority. Although there are youthful benefits to having oily skin, you should avoid ingredients with petrolatum or alcohol. Oil-free moisturizers will be your best friend!
Oily skin produces an excess of sebum, natural oil your skin produces, that causes the skin to look shiny and greasy. Usually found on your T-Zone (forehead, nose and chin). If you have oily skin, you may have enlarged pores & develop acne.
How to Tell: Dryness is caused by a lack of oil in the skin. Signs include flakiness, irritation, sensitivity, itchiness and cracks. It may be caused by a number of reasons such as lifestyle, environmental factors, or a chronic condition.
Skin Care Tips: For dry skin, you want to seal moisture into the skin by applying moisturizer day & night. Try to keep the air in your home warm and moist to assist with healing. Don’t use any harsh soaps or products containing citrus oils or fragrances.
Dry skin is typically appears dull and rough, flaky or even scaly. It often feels tight and may show visible fine lines & wrinkles.
How to Tell: If you’re unsure of what type of skin you have, it’s likely combination. Is your skin dry in certain areas, while oily in others? This can be easily determined by an oily T-zone and dry or normal skin around the perimeter of the face.
Skin Care Tips: You’ll want to stay away from the same ingredients such as alcohol-based products. With combination skin it is important to have balance.
Combination skin includes areas that are dry as well as oily—with the T-Zone commonly being oily, and the cheeks being either dry or normal
How to Tell: If you get breakouts often, you likely have acne-prone skin. This means that your pores tend to get clogged very easily, making you more susceptible to whiteheads and blackheads.
Skin Care Tips: Use cleansers specifically formulated to treat acne. Also exfoliate and moisturizer that will help minimize breakouts. When washing your face, gently cleanse your face to avoid trauma to existing breakouts.
Acne prone skin includes acne & blemishes all over the face. You can have oily or dry skin and be prone to acne.
How to Tell: Sensitive skin might be caused by genetics, allergies, or environmental factors. Signs are Frequent rashes and bumps, stinging or burning, negative reaction to fragrances, and dry, flaky, irritated skin.
Skin Care Tips: Be very careful when choosing cosmetics. Your skin more prone to irritation, redness, or acne breakouts. Avoid fragrances and irritants like alcohol or antibacterial ingredients. Look for beauty products with fewer additives, and look for this with formulas that have calming, healing, or anti-inflammatory properties.
Sensitive skin is often referred to as a skin type, but you can have oily and sensitive skin, dry and sensitive skin or normal and sensitive skin. Regardless of which type of skin you have, if you have sensitive skin, it may be red, feel like it's burning, itching or dry. You may be able to determine what triggers your sensitivity and avoid certain products or alter your environment to reduce exposure.