What is Acne?

What is Acne?

Acne, also known as acne vulgaris, is a long-term skin disease that occurs when hair follicles are clogged with dead skin cells and oil from the skin. It is characterized by blackheads or whiteheads, pimples, oily skin, and possible scarring. It primarily affects areas of the skin with a relatively high number of oil glands, including the face, upper part of the chest, and back.The small holes in your skin (pores) connect to oil glands under the skin. These glands make an oily substance called sebum. The pores connect to the glands by a canal called a follicle. Inside the follicles, oil carries dead skin cells to the surface of the skin. A thin hair also grows through the follicle and out to the skin. Sometimes, the hair, sebum, and skin cells clump together into a plug. The bacteria in the plug cause swelling. Then when the plug starts to break down, a pimple grows.

 

What Causes Acne?

Acne lesions are caused when a skin pore gets clogged, skin oil builds up inside the pore, and bacteria feeds on the skin oil and multiplies. All acne starts as a clogged pore, which can then develop into acne that falls into two categories: (1) non-inflammatory and (2) inflammatory. Non-inflammatory acne includes whiteheads and blackheads. Inflammatory acne includes papules, pustules, nodules, and cysts.

Nearly everyone suffers from a pimple outbreak at some point in life.

It starts when greasy secretions from the skin's sebaceous glands (oil glands) plug the tiny openings for hair follicles (plugged pores). If the openings are large, the clogs take the form of blackheads: small, flat spots with dark centers. If the openings stay small, the clogs take the form of whiteheads: small, flesh-colored bumps. Both types of plugged pores can develop into swollen, tender inflammations or pimples or deeper lumps or nodules. Nodules associated with severe cases of acne (cystic acne) are firm swellings below the skin's surface that become inflamed, tender, and sometimes infected.

Genetics is thought to be the primary cause of acne in 80% of cases. Contrary to popular belief, acne isn't caused by a harmful diet, poor hygiene, or an uncontrolled sex drive. The role of diet and cigarette smoking is unclear, and neither cleanliness nor exposure to sunlight appear to play a part. In both sexes, hormones called androgens appear to be part of the underlying mechanism, by causing increased production of sebum.  Another frequent factor is excessive growth of the bacterium Propionibacterium acnes, which is normally present on the skin

The simple truth is that heredity and hormones are behind most forms of acne.


Treatment

Many treatment options for acne are available, including lifestyle changes, medications, and medical procedures. Eating fewer simple carbohydrates such as sugar may help. Treatments applied directly to the affected skin, such as our various acne kits, which help fight acne.  

 

Source references:

https://en.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/acne

https://www.acne.org/what-is-acne.html

https://www.webmd.com/skin-problems-and-treatments/acne/understanding-acne-basics#1

https://www.niams.nih.gov/health-topics/acne

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acne

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